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  • Writer's pictureDr Avina Jain

Understanding Acne: Types and Effective Treatment Strategies

As a dermatologist, my practice often sees patients grappling with the frustrating and sometimes debilitating effects of acne. Acne, a common skin condition affecting individuals of all ages, manifests in various forms, each requiring a tailored approach for effective management and treatment. In this article, we'll delve into the different types of acne and explore proven strategies for achieving clear, healthy skin.


1. Comedonal Acne: Characterised by the presence of comedones, or non-inflammatory lesions, comedonal acne typically includes blackheads and whiteheads. These occur when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. To address comedonal acne, gentle exfoliation with salicylic acid or retinoids can help unclog pores and promote skin cell turnover.


2. Inflammatory Acne: Inflammatory acne involves the formation of red, tender papules, pustules, and nodules due to the presence of bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes) in clogged pores. Topical treatments containing benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics, or retinoids can help reduce inflammation and kill acne-causing bacteria. In severe cases, oral antibiotics or isotretinoin may be prescribed under medical supervision.


3. Cystic Acne: Among the most severe forms of acne, cystic acne is characterised by deep, painful nodules and cysts that develop beneath the skin's surface. Treatment often requires a combination of oral medications, such as antibiotics or isotretinoin, along with intralesional injections and targeted therapies to reduce inflammation and prevent scarring.


4. Hormonal Acne: Hormonal fluctuations, particularly during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, can trigger acne breakouts. Hormonal acne often presents as deep, tender nodules along the jawline and chin. Oral contraceptives, anti-androgen medications, and hormone therapy may be recommended to regulate hormone levels and alleviate acne symptoms.


5. Acne Rosacea: Often mistaken for acne, rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition characterised by facial flushing, persistent redness, and the presence of papules and pustules. Treatment typically involves topical or oral antibiotics, along with gentle skincare routines to soothe and protect the skin barrier.


When it comes to managing acne, consistency and patience are key. We at Auro Skin Clinic, ensure that your treatment is customised according to your skin type. While over-the-counter products and home remedies may provide temporary relief, consulting a dermatologist can offer personalised treatment plans tailored to your specific skin type and acne severity. Additionally, adopting a gentle skincare routine, avoiding harsh products and excessive scrubbing, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle with balanced nutrition and stress management can complement medical treatments and promote clearer, healthier skin in the long run.


In conclusion, understanding the different types of acne and their underlying causes is essential for effective treatment and management. By addressing acne with a holistic approach that combines medical interventions, skincare practices, and lifestyle modifications, individuals can achieve lasting relief and regain confidence in their skin.



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