Treatment at Auro Skin Clinic
Introduction to Leprosy
Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It primarily affects the skin, peripheral nerves, mucosal surfaces of the upper respiratory tract, and the eyes.
Causes and Transmission
Leprosy is caused by the slow-growing bacterium M. leprae. The exact mode of transmission is not fully understood, but it is believed to occur through respiratory droplets or prolonged close contact with an untreated individual.
Leprosy presents in various forms, ranging from mild to severe. The two primary types are:
Tuberculoid Leprosy: Characterized by skin lesions and nerve damage.
Lepromatous Leprosy: Involves widespread skin nodules and extensive nerve involvement.
Symptoms and Signs
Muscle weakness and atrophy.
Diagnosis is typically based on clinical features and skin biopsy. The disease is classified into various types based on the number of skin lesions and the presence of nerve involvement.
Leprosy is curable with multidrug therapy (MDT), a combination of antibiotics such as dapsone, rifampicin, and clofazimine.
Early detection and treatment are crucial to prevent complications and reduce transmission.
Social Stigma and Rehabilitation
- Despite effective treatment, leprosy is associated with social stigma and discrimination. Rehabilitation and community integration efforts are essential to overcome misconceptions and promote inclusivity.
Global Efforts and Progress
International organizations and governments have made significant strides in reducing the prevalence of leprosy through awareness campaigns, early detection programs, and accessible treatment.
The above clinical content is published by The Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists (IADVL) for circulation amongst patients for their education purposes.
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